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  • Monday, July 12, 2021 12:43 PM | Texas Energy Advocates Coalition (TEAC) (Administrator)

    TEAC Members:

     

    I need your assistance in supporting the Port of Corpus Christi’s Desal Permit.  While we’ve been blessed with the recent rain, our state needs a reliable supply of water to sustain industry’s current growth.  As you will note, I’ve included background information and talking points below.  Feel to use any of the suggestions.  All comments are limited to three minutes.  This is very important to our future and I urge you to call in on Tuesday and express your support for the Port of Corpus Christi.  Please login Tuesday night at 7:00 pm and utilize the link below:

     

    https://www.gotomeeting.com/webinar/join-webinar and entering Webinar ID 443-664-835. 

    It is recommended that you join the webinar and register for the public meeting at least 15 minutes before the meeting begins.  You will be given the option to use your computer audio or to use your phone for participating in the webinar.

    Those without internet access may call (512) 239-1201 at least one day prior to the meeting for assistance in accessing the meeting and participating telephonically.  Members of the public who wish to only listen to the meeting may call, toll free, (415) 655-0052 and enter access code 384-784-632.

     

     

     

    Background:

     

    PCCA has proposed to construct a desalination plant at their La Quinta property near Portland, Texas. The site is located near the La Quinta ship channel in San Patricio County. This facility is proposed to produce up to 30 million gallons a day (MGD) of industrial water through reverse osmosis processing.  The pending water rights permit would allow diversion of 101,334-acre feet of water per year and the pending TPDES discharge permit would authorize the discharge of up to 51 MGD per day per. The plant intake will consist of seawater pumped from the Corpus Christi Bay.

     

    Talking points:

     

    I am speaking today in strong support of the pending TCEQ permits in which the Port of Corpus Christi Authority (PCCA) is the applicant - water rights permit and TPDES water quality permit

     

    I’m a strong advocate of our state’s regional water planning process and, as such, supports thoughtful and intentional efforts to secure a future water supply for the Coastal Bend.

     

    Creating water for industry also frees up existing water consumption by industry, thereby creating additional water availability for residential use.  We applaud the PCCA Commissioners for their foresight in pursuing these permits.

     

    I strongly supports the PCCA’s efforts to develop seawater desalination as a viable and secure future source of water for the Coastal Bend.  In addition, I also support TCEQ’s efforts to ensure environmental protection through issuance of the subject permits. 

     

    We applaud PCCA’s efforts to reduce the discharge by identifying possible alternative uses of the brine.

     

    Desal is a strategy included in the 2022 State Water Plan approved by the Texas Water Development Board.  The La Quinta site is included in the plan.

     

    The Port is undertaking a data driven process in or to ensure protection of the Coastal Bend bays and estuaries.

     

    No impact to the tax payers if developed by the Port of Corpus Christi

     

    Desal is a resilient drought-proof water supply.

     

    Regards,

     

    Kym Bolado

     


  • Tuesday, May 18, 2021 11:28 AM | Texas Energy Advocates Coalition (TEAC) (Administrator)


    In the wake of the Colonial Pipeline cyberattack, Governor Gretchen Whitmer of Michigan ignited additional concern with threats of legal action to drop the proverbial guillotine on Enbridge’s Line 5 pipeline. Claiming easement violations and not anything of an immediate nature, the pipeline has been tagged with a stay of execution until the end of the month.

    “Here in Michigan, the Great Lakes define our borders, but they also define who we are as people,” said Whitmer in a press release. “Enbridge has repeatedly refused to take action to protect our Great Lakes and the millions of Americans who depend on them for clean drinking water and good jobs … Most importantly, Enbridge has imposed on the people of Michigan an unacceptable risk of a catastrophic oil spill in the Great Lakes that could devastate our economy and our way of life.”

    Based upon the 1953 Easement, Enbridge has operated two pipelines in the Straits of Mackinac that carry petroleum products. Suddenly, the state has decided to take action indicating the company has been in repeated violations. As a result, the Easement is being rescinded. Whitmer added that the operation of the pipelines hinders the state’s responsibility under the public trust doctrine to protect the Great Lakes.

    Indicating unacceptable risk factors, Michigan’s Department of Natural Resources Director, Dan Eichinger, stated that Enbridge’s 70-year history was audited and assessed. The state furthered that between 2018 and 2019, the pipeline was struck and dented by the accidental dropping of anchors at various times.

    “Enbridge’s historic failures and current non-compliance present too great a risk to our Great Lakes and the people who depend on them,” said Eichinger.


    Responding to Accusations


    Enbridge was quick to respond and countered that the state’s accusations were not based upon a “credible basis.”

    “This notice and the report from Michigan Department of Natural Resources are a distraction from the fundamental facts,” said Vern Yu, Executive Vice President of Enbridge Liquids Pipelines. “Line 5 remains safe, as envisioned by the 1953 Easement, and was recently validated by our federal safety regulator.

    Justifying its importance, Yu described Line 5 as an “essential source of energy” for the midwestern United States and Ontario and Quebec respectively. Because of its vital role, he indicated Enbridge would respond with legal action.


    No Room for Negotiation


    While Whitmer has demonized the 645-mile long pipeline that transports 540,000 barrels of crude oil and natural gas liquids, Canada sees Line 5 from its own vantage point. Prime Minister Justin Trudeau and other Canadian officials have called on the Biden administration for assistance along with Secretary of State Antony Blinken and Energy Secretary Jennifer Granholm.

    Citing potential prolonged propane shortages and higher consumer costs on fuels, Joe Comartin, Canada’s Consul General in Detroit, argued that an imposed shutdown would have drastic negative effects for both the United States and Canada. He furthered his appeal by stating that alternative methods of fuel transportation such as rail, truck, and boat involve a greater risk of environmental incident and expel greater levels of emissions.

    “It certainly strains our relationship,” said Comartin. “We’ve had a very long history of working together.”

    Comartin additionally took objection with the state’s claim of being more concerned with the protection of the Great Lakes than Canada. He stated that Canada fully rejected the notion.

    Canada’s Natural Resources Minister, Seamus O’Regan, identifies the looming shutdown as a major threat to the country’s energy security. Indicating he is in the know, he vowed the situation is one he is “watching like a hawk” as Line 5 provides 66% of Quebec’s crude and 53% to Ontario, respectively.

    “As the Minister has repeatedly made clear, the continued safe operation of Line 5 is vital for energy security on both sides of the border,” said Ian B. Cameron, an O’Regan spokesperson.


    Playing the Treaty Card


    In a chess game with high stakes moves, Canada is considering the bold maneuver of invoking a 1977 treaty that prevents officials from action that “would have the effect of impeding, diverting, redirecting or interfering with … the transmission of hydrocarbon in transit.” Only the case of a natural disaster or operating emergency trumps this particular play.

    According to Kristen van de Biezenbos, a University of Calgary Energy Law Professor, the treaty has never been invoked due to no prior interference by officials regarding the shutdown of a working pipeline that crosses the U.S.-Canada border. Until now.


    Predicting the Future


    The final decision remains to be seen regarding the life of the Line 5 pipeline. The controversy paired with the Colonial Pipeline cyberattack has operators leveraging for future attacks, both cyber-natured and politically motivated.

    Diversification of assets and contingency plans to maintain supply chain demands are some of the aspects being shored up and protected. With many aspects of the fossil fuel industry being bombarded with scrutiny and under variations of attack, the industry will need to defend its operations with technological advancements and preventative measures. Only then will the industry regain confidence in efficiency and respect for necessity as it has been haphazardly eroded by political motivations, financial threat, and the development of competing energy solutions.



     


     

     

     





     







  • Thursday, April 08, 2021 1:53 PM | Texas Energy Advocates Coalition (TEAC) (Administrator)

    Don't miss this exciting event.  Get your tickets now.



  • Thursday, March 25, 2021 5:30 PM | Texas Energy Advocates Coalition (TEAC) (Administrator)

    Our TEAC Midstream Mixer is going to be a great time to network, win prizes and have some fun with SHALE Magazine! Join us on March 25th at 5:30 pm at the Fogo De Chao on Westheimer Rd. See y'all there! #teac#midstream#shalemagazine#oilandgas#texasenergy

    shalemag.ticketleap.com/teac-midstream-mixer-march2021/ 



  • Tuesday, February 23, 2021 3:42 PM | Texas Energy Advocates Coalition (TEAC) (Administrator)

    With celebrities abandoning their craft and switching gears to advocating against the oil and gas industry, it can easily lead audiences to believe there really are no more good ideas for movies left out there. Continuing their latest crusade against pipelines, the Dakota Access Pipeline finds itself in the crosshairs. Recent Hollywood cries are being bestowed upon the greatest oil and gas nemesis out there, Joe Biden.

    Celebrity activists, including Mark Ruffalo and Leonardo Dicaprio, are pushing the Biden administration to continue its path of pipeline destruction. After killing approximately 10,000 jobs with the Keystone Pipeline shutdown, Biden is being urged to put his foot on the necks of additional pipeline workers with the termination of the Dakota Access Pipeline. 

    With a letter to the Biden camp, the celebrity group of over 200 fellow cronies argued that Former President Donald Trump violated the constitution during his reign in the Oval Office. Citing several injustices and environmental concerns, the group played to Biden’s well-scripted environmental campaign.

    Letter Specifics

    In addition to Ruffalo and Dicaprio, several big names added their John Hancock to the letter. They include: Cher, Ava DuVernay, Jane Fonda, Robert Downey Jr., Chris Evans, Chris Hemsworth, Scarlett Johansson, Don Cheadle, Jason Moma, Kerry Washington, Sarah Silverman, Amy Schumer, Chelsea Handler, Jennifer Connelly, Paul Bettany, Joaquin Phoenix, Rooney Mara, Aaron Rodgers, Shailene Woodley, Bruce Cohen, Julia Walsh, Marisa Tomei and Rebecca Chaiklin. Although the list contains big names, one can certainly question if anyone takes them more seriously than they do themselves. Joining forces as one united voice, as misguided as it might be, the group pointed out issues and demands:

    • References a four-year struggle by the Standing Rock Sioux, Cheyenne River Sioux, Yankton Sioux, and the Oglala tribes to hinder pipeline completion.
    • Urges to rectify the historical injustice waged against the tribes.
    • Deems the Dakota Access Pipeline illegal and orders the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers to shut it down.
    • Demands a detailed environmental review with tribal input and consent.

    Shedding Light with Opposition

    Rebuking the claims of Hollywood’s fossil fuel crusaders, some have offered a different perspective. According to gainfactchecker.org, the letter indicated that the pipeline had originally been mapped to cross the Missouri River north of Bismarck, ND, but the potential for an oil spill over the city’s majority white citizens was unacceptable. In rebuttal, the pipeline’s current route was always preferred because the alternative would have crossed an additional 27 waterways and agricultural land.

    The letter further argues environmental racism because North Dakota law officials violently removed protesters from the path of the pipeline. Opposing facts presented indicate that less than ten percent of the protestors were actually from North Dakota. Residency was found to span from Florida to Vermont with California as well. More than 600 of the hostile protesters were arrested for crimes including slaughtering livestock, setting fires, throwing Molotov cocktails at police officers, discharging weapons at police officers, spraying police with pepper spray and terrorizing journalists.

    Insinuating that the Standing Rock Sioux Tribe was not heard, the letter further advanced its cries of social injustice. Opposing viewpoints counter that almost 400 tribal meetings were held with the Corps of Engineers. In fact, seven instances were noted where the Standing Rock Sioux Tribe declined to participate in the process.

    Responding to the letter’s notion that the Dakota Access Pipeline is illegal, gainfactchecker.org further notes that the pipeline was subjected to a robust approval process that involved regulatory agencies on the local, state, and federal levels. Energy Transfer, who developed the pipeline, obtained all required approvals and permits and adhered to the rules instituted by governing bodies.

    Looking Ahead

    The Dakota Access Pipeline’s fate will be determined in due time. The Biden/Harris leadership front will have to stop swaying in the wind and render a response. It is already obvious in nature. The probable response of shutdown through executive order will slingshot the very effect that Representative Dan Crenshaw has been warning. Jobs will be lost, and energy prices will increase. Those who struggle will continue to do so, but actors will feel a sense of satisfaction having used words like “justice” and “climate.” Besides awaiting an actual and definite response from the Biden administration, this writer is anxious to know who will win an Oscar for their participation in the strategically played letter. If only Cher could “Turn Back Time,” I would love to know how many private jets she has chartered in her successful career. Maybe they were fueled by hopes and dreams…

     Hollywood Wages War on Dakota Access Pipeline

    Nick Vaccaro is a freelance writer and photographer. Besides providing technical writing services, he is an HSE consultant in the oil and gas industry with eight years of experience. He also contributes to Louisiana Sportsman Magazine and follows and photographs American Kennel Club field and herding trials. Nick has a BA in Photojournalism from Loyola University and resides in the New Orleans area. 210-240-7188 Nick@shalemag.com


  • Friday, January 29, 2021 12:17 PM | Texas Energy Advocates Coalition (TEAC) (Administrator)

    Thank you to everyone who came out to support Shale Magazine and TEAC. We had the privilege of hearing from many great speakers including Jason Modglin with Texas Alliance of Energy Producers and Paul Sheppard with Halliburton. Your support is immeasurable, especially during these difficult times. Follow SHALE magazine on Facebook for more updates regarding future events and also check out Kym Bolado's podcast In the Oil Patch Radio Show! Once again Thank you for everyone's hard work keeping our industry on its feet!  #texaseEnergy #Midstream #OilAndGas #SHALEMagazine #TEAC 

  • Tuesday, January 12, 2021 12:46 PM | Texas Energy Advocates Coalition (TEAC) (Administrator)

    There’s nothing like shale for resiliency. It has, time and again, prevailed over supposed deaths of its future. Indeed, from the very moment of its initial success, supposed “experts” have been predicting it was but a passing fad, a money pit or a disaster waiting to happen. Ian Urbina built a career around his “Drilling Down” series for The New York Times, suggesting the whole shale enterprise was destined for the trash heap of history.

    Yet, we just witnessed a presidential candidate being forced to say he wouldn’t shut down fracking. Shale not only survives, but it has changed everything about energy in but a little over a decade.

    Oh, shale has had its ups and downs, to be sure, but that is hardly surprising for a young commodity business. So has steel or any number of other commodities that have been around a whole lot longer. And farming has been a roller coaster enterprise from the moment agriculture became a business. Five months ago, shale gas was clearly on the downside of the coaster with prices at or below $1.50 per thousand cubic feet, and, as I write this, it is now double that. These are the sorrows and joys of any commodity business.

    But, shale gas is different in one respect; it has simply amazing resiliency compared to other commodities. While the steelmaker and the farmer often have to endure long periods of decline, shale tends to recover more quickly because it is a technology-driven industry where adaptation to low prices happens more quickly. Production can be slowed or increased relatively quickly, of course, but the main thing with any commodity is to consistently lower costs by doing things in smarter ways (drilling at different levels from the same well pad, for example). That’s happening with every successful shale outfit.

    There’s another factor, though, which is the irreplaceable nature of natural gas in the economy and the environment. The low price of natural gas relative to other dependable and dispatchable energy sources makes it the fuel of choice for electricity generation. This, of course, is precisely why carbon emissions (and many other far more detrimental emissions) have been reduced enormously, thereby cleaning the air everywhere.

    We see this irreplaceable dynamic reflected in the foreign demand for our gas, which goes to Mexico by pipeline, and around the world as Liquified Natural Gas (LNG). A recent isolated problem with LNG shipments, in fact, caused the price of natural gas to rise quickly due to high demand and a temporarily constricted supply. The tiniest interruption of that supply changes everything at once, demonstrating just how dependent the globe is on our natural gas, gas available in plentiful supplies due to our shale revolution. Resiliency is guaranteed by U.S. energy dominance forged out of shale.

    Furthermore, consider California and Germany’s problems of excess dependency on renewables. California is ever darker when the wind doesn’t blow and the sun doesn’t shine because it has not enough dispatchable energy to deploy when this happens. Germany has experienced unacceptable rises in electricity costs for a related reason; its renewable generation produces too much energy when not needed and invariably takes business from irreplaceable natural gas plants, making them far more costly to operate when needed. And they are frequently needed. The renewable stuff is arguably cheap, but it cannot stand alone. The blended price of electricity has soared out-of-sight as a consequence.

    This is why California is quietly and indirectly admitting it needs more gas plants, and Germany is buying our LNG, while the latter is also making bad deals with Russia to secure more gas. Readily available American shale gas has made it the solution even for its opponents, hence its resiliency.

    The future will likely produce more of the same. New York is emulating California and trying to squelch anything whatsoever having to do with shale gas. Utilities are largely playing along, knowing that the costs of mistakes can, in the end, always be recovered by ratepayers.

    There is even a move now to replace New York City’s invaluable gas fueled peaker electricity generating plants with battery storage. It won’t work any better than any of the other unaffordable and undependable schemes, of course. Last year, an explosion at an Arizona Public Service (APS) battery storage facility sent four firefighters to the hospital. There was a similar APS incident seven years earlier. Such a failure in the middle of New York City will be all it takes to quietly reverse direction there as well.

    Yes, resiliency is the very nature of shale. Some readers may recall, in fact, a woman named Deborah Rogers, a goat farmer, financial manager, former model and part of the Earthworks Oil and Gas Accountability Project.

    Back in 2012 and 2013, she was running all over the country saying that all shale oil and gas would be depleted in a decade or so, that drilling rates and costs would increase as drillers rushed to keep up production and that “our country will have drilled and fracked our way down a blind alley (with huge associated economic and environmental costs).”

    Here we are seven to eight years later, and we have, if anything, an oversupply of gas, dramatically lowered costs of production per unit and rising, but still exceptionally reasonable, gas prices for consumers, not to mention hugely cleaner air. I call that success.

    Sure, there are companies that have been squeezed out by low prices and high debt, but that’s the way commodity markets work, and there are numerous companies that have adapted and prospered because they innovated and found ways to lower costs. Prices are votes of consumers, and those who pay attention not only survive but rise to the top. We are seeing that today with several companies, while others who took on too much debt and overhead or failed to innovate are being absorbed by the others. This is exactly how it is with steel and dairying, and it absolutely should be.

    Adaptation and change are the marks of resiliency, and we are seeing it in every corner of the shale industry. The future is promising as the world seeks our product to meet economic and environmental challenges. The rural gas producing regions of our nation also benefit greatly, which is why fracking became a positive political issue in 2020. That alone speaks to the irrepressible quality of shale; it just keeps coming back to the top as one issue after another is resolved, and its enemies are forced to confront the reality that is the shale industry.

    About the author: Tom Shepstone is the owner of Shepstone Management Company Inc., a planning and research consulting firm located in northeastern Pennsylvania. He has advised many counties in both New York state and Pennsylvania, as well as other states, on economic development strategies, especially as they relate to rural and agricultural areas. He is also the publisher of NaturalGasNOW.org,a blog focused on the same objective.


    U.S. Shale’s Amazing Resiliency

  • Monday, December 21, 2020 9:28 AM | Texas Energy Advocates Coalition (TEAC) (Administrator)

    In March 2019,   House of Representatives Speaker Nancy Pelosi unveiled the Climate Action Now Actwhich was a bill that essentially forbids the US withdrawal from the Paris Climate Accords.   At the same time Senate Minority Leader, Chuck Schumer announced a new Democratic committee on climate change that would give the Senate a larger climate change forum.  The House bill passed the House but not the Senate and the Senate climate change committee went nowhere.

    Under President Donald Trump’s order, the US filed its intent to withdraw from the Paris Climate Accords at the earliest possible date, on November 4, 2019. After the one-year period, on November 4, 2020, the U.S. formally withdrew from the Agreement, coincidentally on the day following the 2020 U.S. presidential election.

    It is a good thing.  The Global Energy Institute of the U.S. Department of Commerce says meeting the commitments President Obama made as part of the Paris climate accord could cost the U.S. economy $3 trillion and 6.5 million industrial sector jobs by 2040.

    Furthermore the Obama administration committed the United States to pay over 3 billion annually yet the U.S. is only responsible for 15% of CO2 emissions.  Collectively, China, India, and Russia are responsible for 40% of such emissions yet they are required to make no payments until 2030.  Once again the U.S. is suckered into paying for most of the entire world’s alleged sins.

    Recently however, Senator Schumer along with president elect Joe Biden have stated that the first priority of the new administration will be to re-enter the Paris agreement.  Senator Schumer points to the recent forest fires on the West Coast of the United States and those in Australia as prima facie evidence for that decision.

    In what has become an annual seasonal tragedy, both in the U.S. and Australia, wildfires have recently destroyed natural forests.  Millions of acres and millions of animals have been incinerated. Dozens of parents and children have been killed.

    Joe Biden recently said:  “If you give a climate arsonists four more years in the White House why would anyone be surprised if more of America is ablaze.”  Nancy Pelosi exclaimed “Mother Earth is angry!  She is telling us with hurricanes and fires that the climate crisis is real.”

    But is that scientifically and factually true?

    California Governor Gavin Newsome said in an appearance with President Trump:  “Manmade climate change is real. If you don’t believe in science come to California and observe it with your own eyes.”  Washington State governor Jay Inslee agreed.  “These are climate fires. We can and will not surrender our state and expose people…because of climate fires.”

    This is ideological nonsense, intended to deflect blame and avoid responsibility for decades of public policy errors and poor forest mismanagement, and to justify new laws that would multiply government control over energy, industries, jobs, living standards, lives, property and freedom to choose where and how we live.

    Because timber harvesting and thinning have been banned for decades, thousands of scrawny trees grow on acreage that should have just a few hundred full-sized mature trees. As of 2017, tens of billions of scrawny trees mix with 6.3 billion dead trees in 11 Western states; state and federal forests in California alone had over 129 million dead trees. Those numbers have most assuredly skyrocketed since 2017, while steadily increasing dry brush and debris now provide even more tinder for super-heated conflagrations.

    Flames in average fires along the ground in managed forests might reach several feet in height and temperatures of 1,472° F (800° C), says “Wildfire Today. But under conditions now found in western tinderboxes, flame heights can reach 165 feet (50 meters) or more, and crown fires can generate critter-roasting, soil-baking temperatures that exceed 2,192 degrees F (1,200° C). Wood bursts into flame at 572° F. Aluminum melts at 1,220, silver at 1,762, and gold at 1,943 degrees F (1,064° C)! 2,192 degrees is hellish.

    Most of this heat goes upward, but super-high temperatures incinerate endangered wildlife – as well as organisms and organic matter in thin western soils that for decades afterward can support only weeds, grass and stunted, spindly trees. Western conflagrations jump fire breaks because these ferocious fires are fueled by the unprecedented increase in combustibles that radical environmentalist policies have created.

    These monstrous fires generate their own high winds and even mini tornados that carry burning branches high into the air, to be deposited hundreds of feet away, igniting new fires.

    None of this has a thing to do with climate change. To say a 0.1, 0.5 or even 1.0 degree change in average global temperatures would alter these forest fire dynamics defies credibility. To say the monumental fuel buildups in our forests are irrelevant is like claiming a minimally furnished home will burn as easily and ferociously as one filled to the brim with furniture, books, old newspapers and cans of gasoline.

    The solution is simple, though expensive and time-consuming at this point. Cut the red tape. Remove some of that fuel, so that fires don’t get so big, hot, powerful, and destructive. Clear wider areas around buildings, homes and communities. Create more, wider fire breaks. Build more roads that let people escape the flames. Send the timber to sawmills, to create jobs and tax revenues, and American lumber for affordable homes. Clear out brush and grass under transmission lines – and upgrade the transmission lines. Bolster rapid-response airborne and ground-based firefighting capabilities.

    In contrast to Nancy Pelosi’s “angry earth” claims and those by the mainstream media, there has been no increase in total Atlantic hurricane activity in recent decades. As a matter of fact, world-wide there has been a 5–10% decrease in hurricane-type storms in the last 50 years.

    Prior to the 29 named storms recorded in 2005 and 30 in 2020, 1933 held the record for the most in any one year with 21.

    What we do know is that in 2020, with satellites and reconnaissance planes, ten baroclinic storms developed in the subtropical Atlantic, of which two were east of 50W longitude. These two, combined with three other African systems that weakened, make five in the Eastern Atlantic. A fair comparison of the 1933 hurricane season with 2020 would be to reduce the number of storms in 2020 by around ten. If we do that, 1933 is still the most active hurricane summer in modern times.

    Noted scientists and professor emeritus, USC, Dr. George Chilingar, who is author of 72 books on science, five on climate change, and over 500 scientific papers puts it very clearly:  “Carbon dioxide (CO2) in the atmosphere does not cause any warming; rather it causes slight cooling.”  His landmark peer reviewed paper, “Cooling of atmosphere Due to CO2 Emission”, Chilingar, Khilyuk, et al., provides scientific and mathematical proof.

    Even NASA recently admitted that the Sun may be the major source of “climate change on the Earth.

    Our planet is over 4.5 billion years old and it has had an atmosphere for almost 4 billion years.  Over that time, the levels of carbon dioxide have varied greatly from as much as 15 times the current level.  President Trump’s chief science advisor on climate has noted that today we are in a carbon dioxide draught.

    Perhaps most telling of all is the fact that the Mona Loa Keeling curves which climate alarmists use to track CO2 levels daily has continued to rise over the last eight months of the “pandemic” yet energy consumption from fossil fuels has decreased by 30% from pre pandemic levels!  This virtually proves that manmade climate change is a falsehood.  Where does this carbon dioxide really come from?  The gasification of CO2 dissolved in the ocean as the seas warm which, of course means temperatures increase before carbon dioxide levels increase.

    President Trump is correct.  Anthropogenic Global Warming (AGW) or climate change is a hoax.  A hoax meant to lead the country into socialism and to force spending of tens of trillions of dollars in the “Green New Deal” pipe dream while killing our fossil fuel infrastructure.

    Spending $3 billion per year subsiding the UN’s climate propaganda and risking an additional 3 trillion American dollars over the next thirty years is just plain ludicrous.  We must not allow re-entry into the Paris Climate Accords under any circumstances.

    The U. S. Has No Business in the Paris Climate Accords

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Email: Kym@shalemag.com

Address: 5150 Broadway  #493, San Antonio, TX, 78209


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